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This is a list of dance terms that are not names of dances or types of dances. See List of dances and List of dance style for those. This glossary lists terms used in various types of ballroom partner dancesleaving out terms of highly evolved or specialized dance forms, such as ballettap dancingand square dancingwhich have their own elaborate terminology.
See also:. A combination of two or more figures;  more generally: a sequence of figures that a couple wants to dance. A category of dances in American Style ballroom competitions. It includes cha-cha-charumbaEast Coast swingboleroand mambo.
This category loosely corresponds to the Latin category of International Style ballroom. It includes waltztangofoxtrotand Viennese waltz. This category loosely corresponds to the Standard category of International Style ballroom. However, Smooth differs from Standard in its inclusion of open and separated figures, whereas Standard makes exclusive use of closed positions.
The term describes a particular style of ballroom dances developed in the United States that contrasts with the International Style.
In a narrower sense, it denotes the group of dances danced in American Style ballroom competitions. The group consists of two : American Smooth and American Rhythm. In social dancing strongly relying on leading and followingthis term means that the follower executes steps without waiting for or contrary to the lead of the leader.
This is also called anticipation and usually considered bad dancing habit. An exception would be to avoid a collision with another couple the leader hasn't seen but this is usually just to stop the leader performing specific steps rather than the follower actively executing steps. Sometimes this term is used in the meaning of hijackingwhich is not exactly the same.
Body contact is a style of closed position in partner dancing closed position with body contact ; it is also a type of physical connectionmainly of the right-hand sides of the partners' costal arches. Body flight is a property of many movements in dances such as the waltz and foxtrot. It refers to steps taken with momentum in excess of that necessary to arrive at a point of static balance over the new position, which suggests a carry through to another step in the same direction.
Support of the partner's body Dance partner swing latin largely avoided in ballroom dancing. The exception would be "lifts" — often featured in some forms of swing dancing, and ballroom showdance presentations, but banned in ordinary ballroom competition and rarely seen in social dancing.
A call in square dancing is a command by a caller to execute a particular dance figure. In round dancingcalls are called cues. See " Caller " for the explanation of the difference. Voice calls may be complemented by hand s. See also Voice cue. When indicating a direction of movement during a dance, the term "center" means the direction perpendicular to the line of dance LOD pointing towards the center of the room.
The term center may also be used as shorthand for the center point of balance. Together with the center of gravity COGthe center point of balance CPB helps the dancer to better understand and control their movements. CPB differs from the two other centers [ clarification needed ] in two respects.
The exact location of the COG is always well-defined, however it ificantly depends on the shape the body assumes. In contrast, the CPB during normal dancing head up, feet down on the floor is always at the same place of the dancer's body, although defined in a loose way: it is said that the CPB is in the general area of the solar plexus for the gentlemen, and navel for the women. If you put your feet together, you may move your head or your hips pretty far away from your area of support without losing your balance.
But if you move your CPB just 2 to 3 inches away from the equilibrium position, you will feel a strong urge to step in this direction. Therefore, awareness of your CPB, both consciously and instinctively, gives you a better control of the overall dance movement and connection with your partner. A pronounced discontinuation of movement through the feet. A check position is created in Latin Ballroom dances such as rumba and cha-cha-chaas well as in International Standard Ballroom dances such as quickstep locks.
The term has at least two meanings: regarding dance position and regarding footwork. The ordinary position of ballroom dancing in which the partners face each other with their bodies approximately parallel. In Standard and Smooth the bodies are Dance partner swing latin offset about a half body width such that each person has their partner on their right side, with their left side somewhat unobstructed;  in tango, the offset is somewhat larger. Contrast promenade position and open position. A means of communication between dancers in the couple.
Physical and visual types of connection are distinguished. Refers to the action of the body in turning figures; turning the opposite hip and shoulder towards the direction of the moving foot. Contra body movement position occurs when the moving foot is brought across behind or in front the standing foot without the body turning. In ballroom dances, the dance couple moves or intends to move sidewise to the leader's right while the bodies form a V-shape, with leader's left and follower's right sides are closer than the leader's right and follower's left. A al to execute a dance figure.
Dancesport is an official term to denote dance as competitivesport activity. For one meaning, see Dance movefor another one, see Step. See also Glossary of dance steps. Both dance partners take at least a step backwards into promenade position. A completed set of steps. In a wider sense, the term footwork describes dance technique aspects related to feet: foot position and foot action. In a narrow sense, e. Customarily, parts of the foot reached only after the other foot has passed to begin a new step are implied but not explicitly mentioned.
Formation dance is a choreographed dance of a team of couples, e. Full weight or full-weight transfer means that at the end of the step the dancer's center of gravity is directly over the support foot. A simple test for a full weight transfer is that you can freely lift the second foot off the floor. Dance frames are the positions of the upper bodies of the dancers hands, arms, shoulders, neck, head, and upper torso.
In swing and blues dances, the frame is a dancer's body shape, which provides connection with the partner and conveys intended movement. Handhold is an element of dance connection : it is a way the partners hold each other by hands. Landing on the heel of the foot in motion during a step before putting weight on the remainder of the foot. As in normal walking, much of the swing of the foot is accomplished with its midpart closest to the floor, Dance partner swing latin shifting to the heel only as the final placement is neared.
A heel turn is an action danced by the partner on the inside of turn in certain figures in Standard or Smooth. During the course of rotation, the dancer's weight moves from toe to heel of one foot while the other foot swings to close to it, then forward from heel towards the toe of the just closed foot.
In contrast, when the leader is dancing a heel turn the rise is delayed until the conclusion of the turn, as he can better lead the amount of turn from a more grounded position. The heel turn is distinguished from other members of the family of heel pull actions which do not require complete closure of the feet. Follower's heel turns are commonly found in the double reverse spin and the open or closed telemark, and the natural and reverse turns of international style foxtrot, while leader's heel turns form the basis of the open or closed impetus.
In social dancing strongly reliant on leading and following, hijacking means temporary assuming the leading role by the follower. Also known as stealing the lead. Contrast backleading. International Latin is category of dances in International Style ballroom competitions.
It includes sambacha-cha-charumbapasodobleand jive. A category of dances in International Style ballroom competitions.
Sometimes in the context of competitions it is called Ballroom or International Ballroomconfusing as it might be. In England, the term "Modern" is often used, which should not be confused with modern dance that derives from ballet technique It includes waltz formerly called "slow waltz"tangofoxtrotquickstepand Viennese waltz. The term describes a particular style of ballroom dances that contrasts with American Style. In a narrower sense, it denotes the group of dances danced in International Style ballroom competitions. The group consists of two : Standard and Latin.
The name comes from the popular English nursery rhyme" Jack and Jill ". In venues with same-sex dance partners, the ambiguous names "Pat and Chris" have been used, or event could be called "Mix and Match". As applied to dances, Latin dance is any type of social dance of Latin American origin. A characteristic type of hip motion found in the technique Dance partner swing latin performing a step in Latin and Rhythm dances.
Sometimes it is also called Cuban hip motionalthough because of the divergence in dance technique between American Rhythm and International Latin some prefer to distinguish the two, with the term "Latin motion" reserved for International Style, while the "Cuban motion" reserved for American Style and Club Latin dances. The most notable distinction in a simplified description is that in the International Style "Latin motion" the straightening of the knee happens before the full weight transferwhile in the "Cuban motion" the straightening of the knee happens after the full weight transfer.
As a result, the Cuban hip motion in a more fluid leg movement, whereas the Latin hip motion in a more staccato leg movement. The term describes type of physical connectionopposite to compressionin which the dance partners lean away from each other while being connected. In other words, a stress exists at the point s of contact directed away from the contact point s of the dance partner.
Predominantly used in the swing dance community. Line of dance LOD or LoD is conceptually a path along and generally parallel to the edge of the dance floor in the counterclockwise direction. To help avoid collisions, it is agreed that in travelling dances dancers should proceed along the line of dance. Line of dance is a useful line of reference when describing the directions of steps taken, e. See also centerwall. Reference to the direction of movement is based on the direction faced by the leader rather than the follower. Measures per minute, or MPM, refers to the tempo of the music according to the of measures or bars occurring in one minute of music.
The foot that is in action tap, ronde, etc. Compare Supporting foot. In descriptions of the footwork of step patterns the abbreviation NFR stands for no foot rise or no foot-rise and means that the heel of the support foot remains in contact with the floor until the weight is transferred onto the other foot.
Open position is any dance position in couple dances, in which the partners stand apart in contrast to closed position. They may face inwards or outwards, and hold one or both hands or stand independently. A step into outside partner position occurs when the moving foot of the forward travelling partner moves on a track outside of their partner's standing foot when it would ordinarily move on a track aimed between their partner's feet. Due to the offset of the hold, this generally applies to a step with the right foot.
The term left side outside is often used for the rare occurrences when the left foot crosses to pass outside, as in the Hover cross. Steps into outside partner position are also required to be in contra body movement positionand are often preceded by a step with a strong side lead.
The term "inline" is occasionally used when it is necessary to clarify that an outside partner position is not involved. A dance connection by means of physical contact. Types of physical connection are body contact, compressionleverage. Pinched shoulder is the position seen when promenade position is incorrectly danced with an outward rotation of the upper bodies, rather than a rotational stretch in each body.
It is characterized by one or both partner's having their trailing elbow behind the line of Dance partner swing latin shoulders, with Dance partner swing latin resulting break in the arm line at the trailing shoulder. The promenade position is described differently in various dance. See also counter promenade position. In ballroom dances their common trait is that the dance couple moves or intends to move essentially sidewise to the leader's left while partners nearly face each other, with the leader's right side of the body and the follower's left side of the body are closer than the respective opposite sides forming a V-shape when looking from above.Dance partner swing latin
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